Author(s): Herbert Guthrie-Smith
In 1880, William Herbert Guthrie-Smith (1862-1940) emigrated from Scotland to New Zealand, where he learned the basics of sheep farming and acquired Tutira, a disused sheep station of 20,000 acres in the Hawke's Bay region of the North Island. Tutira, published in 1921, describes every aspect of Guthrie-Smith's enterprise, including the redevelopment of the land and comprehensive advice on sheep farming. The book also covers the history of the local Maori and of European settlement, and provides an extensive account of the farm's natural history including its geological configuration, meteorological patterns, the formation of lakes and waterways, and the native plant and bird species Guthrie-Smith discovered on his land. It also draws attention to the impact of introduced, 'alien' plants and animals. Tutira is one of the great classics of New World environmental consciousness; it was reprinted in 1926, and a posthumous revised edition appeared in 1953.
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Preface; 1. Tutira, its prominent physical features; 2. Rock constituents of the run; 3. The lakes; 4. The soils of Tutira, past and present; 5. Subcutaneous erosion; 6. Surface slips; 7. The forest of the past; 8. Two periods of Maori life; 9. Trails from the coast to Tutira; 10. Trails round Tutira Lake; 11. The trail to the ranges; 12. Vegetation of the station prior to settlement; 13. The ferns of Tutira; 14. The avifauna of the station prior to settlement; 15. In the beginning; 16. The lure of improvements; 17. Hard times; 18. The rise and fall of H. G.-S. and A. M. C.; 19. Fern-crushing; 20. The cartographers of the station; 21. Stocking and scour; 22. Future of native avifauna; 23. The partnership of H. G.-S. and J. T. S.; 24. The naturalised alien flora of Tutira; 25. Stowaways; 26. Garden escapes; 27. Children of the Church; 28. Burdens of sin; 29. Fire and flood weeds; 30. Pedestrians; 31. The stocking of Tutira by alien animals; 32. Other aliens on Tutira prior to 1882; 33. Acclimatisation centres and migration routes; 34. The invasion from the south; 35. The invasion from the north; 36. Domestic animals 'wild'; 37. Reconsiderations; 38. Vicissitudes.